An analysis of antisemitism in France and Germany

What is the scale of prejudice against Jews in French society in 2021? Is the health crisis accompanied by a surge in antisemitism in public opinion? How do the French view this phenomenon? To what extent are French Jews concerned about the violence targeting them? How does this violence unfold? To try to answer these questions, the Fondation pour l’innovation politique and the American Jewish Committee (AJC) built an exceptional survey system. Exceptional in size and in terms of the diversity of the themes addressed: exposure and observations of violent acts, opinions regarding Israel, the Holocaust, prejudices against Jews, etc. are all key topics to be examined in an attempt to shed a new light on antisemitism.

Due to the ban on the collection of “religious” data in mainland France (the last official census of religion dates back to 1872), public statistics (INSEE, INED) do not provide the sociodemographic structure of people of Jewish faith. In this context, IFOP has chosen to isolate a subsample of 521 French people who declare themselves to be of Jewish faith or culture based on the aggregate of representative national samples corresponding to a total of 34,800 people representative of the French population aged 18 and over. The representativeness of the cumulative sample was ensured by the quota method (gender, age, profession of the interviewee) after stratification by region and conurbation category.

Read the survey An analysis of antisemitism in France – 2022 edition here.

In addition to France, this survey was conducted in Germany by the Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach. The surveys conducted  in both countries have the same characteristics in terms of collection method (they were conducted on the Internet), indicators (the questions were asked identically according to the same method), sampling method (the quota method) and temporality (they were conducted at the same time).

Read the survey data comparing antisemitism in France and Germany. 


Institute Ifop / Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach
Sample size


1,025 respondents (general public); 561 (residents of Germany of Muslim faith)


1,509 respondents (general public); 521 (French respondents of the Jewish faith or culture); 501 (residents of France of Muslim faith)

Age of respondents
18 years old and over
Duration of survey Germany: 

22 December 2021 to 18 January 2022


24 November 2021 to 10 January 2022

Mode of administration Online self-administered questionnaire
Number of questions 19
Country France / Germany
Language of administration French / German